Medical Cambodia

វេជ្ជសាស្ត្រកម្ពុជា

Medical Cambodia


A BRIEF HISTORY  

Cambodia is a beautiful country, but sadly it has a horrific recent history, still in living memory of the elderly alive today.

Cambodian's have endured decades of violent political upheaval since they gained independence from the French in 1953. The Vietnam War caused much political instability across all of Asia in the 1960's. In 1969 America conducted bombing raids over Cambodia. This no doubt increased the public's turn of support, away from Prince Norodom Sihanouk, the head of state, to the Khmer Rouge, a fanatical communist faction, which was fast gaining momentum.

Civil war broke out in 1970, which eventually lead to the Khmer Rouge taking power. On 17 April 1975, the Khmer Rouge declared "year zero" and took control of the capital, Phnom Penh. They evacuated the residents at gunpoint, into the countryside to work as forced labour. They attempted to create an agrarian based communist society.

The brutal regime ruled the country between the years of 1975 and 1979.

To ensure no future threats to their power, they targeted the educated and the wealthy. They hunted down lawyers, judges, doctors, businessman, students, teachers, civil servants, intellectuals, monks, and anyone that was perceived to be a potential threat. They were ruthlessly executed. It was genocide.

Education was abolished. The country's infrastructure was destroyed. Money became worthless. Severe food shortages lead to starvation. The health of the population deteriorated, and disease was rife.

During the four years of Khmer Rouge control, it is estimated that between 1.7 and 2.2 million Cambodians died, through starvation, disease, exhaustion and execution. That is approximately a quarter of the population as it was then.

Under the Khmer Rouge, the health care systems collapsed. Most of the country's doctors were killed. The lasting impact of this is still obvious in the state of the present day national health care system.

The regime was overthrown in 1979 by their Vietnamese neighbours. The country remained occupied by the Vietnamese for the next decade. Khmer Rouge remnants hung on, and guerrilla war continued throughout the 1980s, which greatly impeded development. The Vietnamese pulled their troops out in 1989, however armed conflict continued.

The United Nations then occupied the country with their peacekeeping operation, and oversaw the elections in 1993.

But peace was not secured, and fighting continued. 1997 in particular saw some bloody clashes between the two governing parties.

Years of brutal conflict have hindered development, leaving a weak economy, inadequate infrastructure, and an inadequate health service. Professions such as the legal system, education system and health system are still in fairly primitive stages. Decades of civil war and political instability have made Cambodia one of Asia's least developed countries.

The country flag of kingdom of Cambodia

The horrors of the Khmer Rouge are in living memory of the elderly

More than 5000 skulls of Khmer Rouge victims are displayed in the Choeung Ek Genocial Center (Phnom Penh)

The Toul Sleng Genocide Museum (Phnom Pneh), where thousands were tortured and executed



Aluminium Hydroxide Amitriptyline Amlodipine Amoxicillin Ampicillin Aspirin Atenolol Bromhexine Charcoal, Activated Chloroquine Chlorpheniramine Cimetidine Ciprofloxacin Cloxacillin Co-trimoxazole Diazepam Diclofenac Digoxin Enalapril Erythromycin Ferrous Sulfate Furosemide Hydralazine Hydrochlorothiazide Indometacin Isosorbide Dinitrate Lisinopril Mebendazole Metoclopramide Metronidazole Multivitamin Nifedipine Paracetamol Phenobarbitone Phenoxymethylpenicillin Potassium Chloride Prednisolone Promethazine Propranolol Salbutamol Tetracycline Tramadol Vitamin B1 Adrenaline Ampicillin Artemether Atropine Calcium Gluconate Ceftriaxone Chlorpromazine Cimetidine Dexamethasone Diazepam Diclofenac Digoxin Dopamine Furosemide Gentamycin Glucose Haloperidol Hydralazine Hydrocortisone Hyoscine Lidocaine Hydrochloride Magnesium Sulphate Metoclopramide Metronidazole Paracetamol Penicillin G Quinine Salbutamol Tramadol Vitamin B1 Vitamin K Nifedipine Dexamethasone Hydralazine Magnesium Sulphate Oxytocin